Wheat Stalks are an integral part of Australia's growth through farming. In recognition of this the Royal Australian Mint
Wheat farming was initiated on the Adelaide Plains in the late 1830's. For decades, Southern Australian wheat farmers have experienced excessive dry spells due to lack of rain coupled with nutrient deficient soil. Thus crops often became contaminated as well as choked out by foreign weed like vegetation. In spite of numerous agricultural obstacles as well as global financial declines and armed conflicts blocking and deterring their foreign buyers, Southern Australian wheat growers have managed to harvest a quality wheat crop. Farmers quickly learned from previous years about the perils they encountered. Government research coupled with resourceful and astute farmers enabled innovations and continued improvements in farming methods. In the areas where there was higher rainfall, phosphate fertilisers were utilised as well as boom sprays and air seeders to cultivate and harvest the wheat crop in a prompt, convenient and timely manner. Southern Australia became independently sustained very rapidly from an economic standpoint due to enormous wheat production.
The wheat industry in Southern Australia noticeably portrays how Australia has gained affluence as a nation. Maintaining trustworthy and dependable principals and selling guidelines to local and foreign purchasers of grain has always been a challenge that was maintained by the Fair Average Quality System. However, in 1974 it was exchanged for a new precept referred to as 'Australian Standard White'. This new selling guideline or precept would be an established safeguard that grain received from Australian Merchants would have the essential and crucial components required to make products such as bread, noodles, rolls, cakes and pastries. Farmers have also planted different crops in the rotation of their wheat fields. These crops have acted as a deterrent to the onset and rise of any contamination to wheat crops and the growth of weed like vegetation. Other technical strategies have been introduced to advance and increase production. Southern Australian Wheat Farming is now classified as a self sustaining, profitable, proficient and intelligence based enterprise. Agricultural obstacles based on Australian climate and terrain still arise and confront farmers. Based on 170 years of a consistent quality wheat crop the Southern Australian Wheat Farming industry should be able to overcome these agricultural obstacles and remain a key producer of wheat and a valuable provider and supplier to the Australian financial system and world food trading posts. Australian wheat will be vital in its assistance of providing nourishment to all people globally (Government of South Australia, 2014) .
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