This twenty cent piece was released by the Royal Australian Mint
in 2001 as part of their extensive program celebrating the Centenary of Federation. The piece commemorates the inclusion
of South Australia in the Australian Federation. The reverse was designed
by student Lisa Murphy from Yankallia Area School in South Australia. The design features iconic images which are representative
of South Australia - including the Southern Cross, Sturts Desert Pea, and rounded hills. The students initials LM have been
integrated into the design. The
Centenary of Federation and SOUTH AUSTRALIA curves around the top and the denomination 20 CENTS overlays the design.
The obverse features the Ian Rank-Broadley portrait of HM Queen Elizabeth
II with the
ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001.
The initials of Lisa Murphy (LM) on the Obverse of the 2001 (South Australia) Proof Twenty Cent.
The coin was included in two sets issued throughout the year - the South Australian three coin set, and the twenty coin
Centenary of Federation collection. Each set was issued in both proof and uncirculated varieties.
Unlike the other Australian Colonies, no convicts were ever transported to South Australia.
(Museum of Australian Democracy, 2017)
This appealed to settlers and lead to many wealthy free settlers arriving and purchasing large plots of land. Initially
the colony was managed by a British appointed governor but in 1857 the state was given responsible government. In 1894 South
Australia became among the first women in the world to be given the right to vote. In 1889 the premier of New South Wales,
Henry Parkes, proposed the creation of a united Australian government. In 1898 South Australia (along with New South Wales,
Tasmania, and Victoria) voted on whether or not to accept the newly drafted Australian Constitution. South Australia voted
in favour of the constitution and on the 1st of January 1901 the new Australia federation was established.
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