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Australia Centenary of Federation

2001  Fifty Cent reverse 2001  Fifty Cent obverse

2001 Fifty Cent

Reverse Designer:Wojciech Pietranik Obverse Designer:Ian Rank-Broadley Size:32mm Weight:15.55g Edge:Plain Composition:75% Copper
25% Nickel


Sales History


This commemorative fifty cent coin was issued for generalcirculation as well as a proof coin and uncirculated coin included in the 2001 issue of the Royal Australian Mint's six coin year sets. This particular set was entitled Centenary of Federation and pays tribute to 100 years since the individual colonies of Australia came together to form the federation and to become known collectively as the States of the Commonwealth of Australia. This fifty cent coin is joined by an additional five coins each of different denominations with the 1 dollar and 50 cent coins featuring special designs representing the Federation.

As well as being produced for general circulation and included in the set, this fifty cent dollar coin was also produced as a coloured proof and as an uncirculated coin to be included in another set issued for the Centenary of the Federation. This set was a 20 coin collection which celebrated each State and Territory of the Federation. Also included in the 20 coin collection and the additional sets celebrated for this important event in Australian history was the one Dollar Centenary of Federation coin.

The reverse of this coin was designed by Wojciech Pietranik. In the centre is the Coat of Arms of Australia and below is the denomination "50". The initial coat of arms was granted to Australia in 1908 but it was updated in 1912 to the design featured in this coin. It incorporates the badges of the six individual colonies that came together, the commonwealth star, an emu, a red kangaroo and the golden wattle tree. The obverse of the coin bears Ian Rank-Broadley's portrait of her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and surrounding this is the legend "ELIZABETH II AUSTRALIA 2001".

Before the Commonwealth of Australia was formed there existed six individual British colonies. These were the states of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia. During the mid-late 19th century the idea of a Federation to unify the colonies was considered but it was not until 1900 that the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act was passed and given Royal Assent by Queen Victoria. (Wikipedia, 2013) On the 1st January 1901 Sir Edmond Barton was signed in as the interim Prime Minister of Australia and collectively the colonies became the states of the Commonwealth of Australia.

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