Mintage:50 Mint:MelbourneMonarch:George VReverse Designer:W. H. J. BlakemoreObverse Designer:Sir E. B. MacKennelSize:31mmWeight:9.45gEdge:PlainComposition:97% Copper 2.5% Zinc 0.5% Tin
penny was issued along side the other 1934 denominations at the request of New Zealand dealer H. G. Williams
(Verheyen, T, V, 2009)
. A total of 50 pieces of each denomination were ordered
(Verheyen, T, V, 2009)
which is believed to be the entire
figure, most of which were sold to American collectors. The coin is best characterized by an intense mirror finish on
the reverse and a mirror obverse
finish with a bright, glowing relief though this may be lost to toning. Unlike the 1935
penny, the 1934
penny is rarely found with full original mint brilliance and while some attribute this to the
distribution method of the coin, an advertisement by New Zealand dealer H. G. Williams for both the 1934 set and 1935 copper
pair list the 1935 pairs as having full golden color while no mention of color was made for the 1934 copper suggesting that
they were already slightly toned when initially sold. This can also be explained by the advertisement being made in 1935
making the 1934 sets already a year old when they were first marketed possibly allowing time for some toning.
In addition to the mirror finish, the reverse should be covered in
die polishing striations, mostly in up-down and left-right positions though the left-right striations
tend to be on a slight angle around the bottom-left of the coin. The obversefields should be covered in very minute
die polishing curls which give it a slightly more matte finish when compared with the
reverse. Interestingly, the top of the crown is almost never fully struck up, sometimes exhibiting a poorly struck
orb and almost always with a flat set of vertical pearls. The illustration below depicts the crown of a
1934 penny showing a flat set of vertical pearls - This is most likely due to the excess
pressure applied to strike up the reverses.
Top of the crown of a 1934 proof penny
One final characteristic of the
strike is the evenly intense strike with bold lettering throughout. This is especially pronounced on the
reverse with an echo of the inner circle apparent just outside of it as in the illustration below due to the intense
striking pressure though it should be noted that this does occur on business strikes at times.
Echo of the inner circle on a 1934 proof penny
The 1934 penny is the toughest 1934
coin to acquire in top condition, despite the equal
figure due, to the delicate nature of the bronze alloy, many were destroyed to environmental damage and the large size
making it slightly harder to preserve over the half penny..
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