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Australia Edward VII

1904-P  Half Sovereign reverse 1904-P  Half Sovereign obverse

1904-P Half Sovereign

Mint:Perth Mint Monarch:Edward VII Reverse Designer:Benedetto Pistrucci Obverse Designer:G. W. De Saules Size:19mm Weight:3.99g Edge:Reeded Composition:91.67% Gold
8.33% Copper


Sales History


The first half sovereigns struck under King Edward VII were struck in 1902 following His Majesty's coronation. This series was the fifth half sovereign series to be struck at Australian mints. The obverse, designed by George William De Saulles, features an uncrowned bust of Edward VII on the obverse, facing towards the right. The legend reads EDWARDVS VII D: G: BRITT: OMN: REX F: D: IND: IMP:.

The Type I reverse, designed by Benedetto Pistrucci, is featured on Edward VII half sovereigns from 1902 to 1905, with Australian mint pattern s struck bearing the date of 1906. It shows St. George, helmed and caped, riding a long-tailed horse and slaying a dragon. The ground bears a broken lance on the left, as well as the mintmark ('M' for Melbourne, 'S' for Sydney, 'P' for Perth) in the centre. The date is positioned below.

This design is slightly smaller than the Type II reverse and lacks the designer's initials, B.P.

Approximately 375,000 half sovereigns were struck for this type making it quite difficult to acquire, especially if sought in better condition. Typical mint state examples grade MS61 to MS62, with examples above MS62 practically impossible to source in any date other than the 1902 Sydney; the Quartermaster sale did offer a 1903 Sydney, which would have likely certified at MS64 or higher, that realized $5,486 (Monetarium, 2009) .

Of the series, the 1904 Perth is by far the toughest date to acquire, being extremely rare above AU; while the 1903 Sydney is the most common date, in general owing to the highest mintage, although the 1902 Sydney is much easier to acquire in mint state. This is due to a large hoard of mint state 1902 Sydney half sovereigns distributed by Noble Numismatics. The 1902 Sydney has been sighted with two different finishes: a brilliant finish and a matte finish. The brilliant finish is slightly scarcer in the upper grades, while no distinction can be made between the two in the circulated grades. Coming from a mintage of only 84,000, it is quite difficult to acquire with lower grade examples very rarely appearing on the market.

The 1904 Perth has one known mint state example, graded MS62 by PCGS, and examples in AU and VF grades (PCGS, 2016) .

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